There are several causes which explains why you may end up with an herniated disc.
The degenerative discs process leads to a destruction of the latter, a loss of elasticity, and stability.
You can feel the vertebrae in your back, but you can not see what lies between each vertebra. If you could, you would see small discs, mainly composed of water but also a substance resembling jelly. These cushions act as shock absorbers. These gelatinous discs compress and stretch when you move. Over time, jelly compresses and can become less flexible. This, combined with a possible impact, leads to the breakdown of the disk that often exerts pressure on the nerve. When the cartilage between the vertebrae tears, the disc is pushed out of his position and may pinch or rub on the surrounding nerves, which are extremely sensitive to pain. Although this may lead to symptoms, recent studies conducted on people without any back or leg problem have shown that a significant number of people have one or more herniated discs without feeling pain or sumptoms.
Some risk factors:
- lifting weights inappropriately
- Sudden Pressure
- Arduous repetitive activities
- Congenital weakness of the discal tissues
- Sudden trunk rotation
- In the event of insufficient movement of the vertebral column causes by a job where you are in a constant sitting position, the rear portion of the disc will be compressed and thus weakened. Tears and swelling of the disc can then occur.
The inflammatory and degenerative processes in the connecting structures relate to vertebral discs, ligaments and joints located in the back of the vertebrae. If ligaments start loosening, the entire structure of the column becomes unstable. This produces a misalignment of the vertebrae and an overload of rear joints causing a premature wear out leading to osteoarthritis. This pain is typically limited to the low back region.
This degenerative discs process leads to a destruction of the latter, a loss of elasticity, and stability. Some parts of the disc may protrude (discal hernia) into the spinal cord canal by compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots. This causes the patient to feel a very distinctive radiating pain. If the pain radiates down the leg, we refer to it as sciatic pain or sciatic syndrome.
In the case of an increased vulnerability of the vertebral column, as we just described, the effect of humidity, cold, or the act of lifting heavy loads as well as sudden movements may immediately cause severe pain.
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